"Deviation of Jung’s Philosophy from Freud’s Principles" Essay

  • This college essay prompts for students is about Carl Gustav Jung and Sigmund Freud, who are psychiatrists with similar interest. Sigmund Freud was a psychiatrist from Vienna. Carl Gustav was born in 1875 and died in 1961. He is famous for his Psychoanalysis. He was a Swiss psychiatrist who started the school of psychology. The works of Carl Gustav Jung were accused of having defied the exact classification. He was a psychologist by profession and training. However, he later conceded that medicine appeared to him as a detour from his primary religion, preoccupations, and philosophy. When the two psychiatrists met, differences arose since each had a different perspective view of things. This essay will consider each writing and reports, determine the differences, find the key reasons for these differences, and finally come up with a sound conclusion.

    Deviations of Jung’s Philosophy from Freud’s Principles

    Jung is known to be on the front line in insisting he was the best empirical scientist who was always committed to the aim of the study. The study comprised of all psychic manifestations, although his theories led him back to his first loves. Jung’s erudition involved many subjects such as the occult, world mythologies, mysticism, art, history of religion, physical science, theology, philosophy, history of science, and Eastern thought. He justified that he was a scientist since he used supernatural accounts, speculations, and mysticism. In simple terms, Jung was famous because of his aspect to using memories, reflections, and dreams. At the same time, he defended Freud’s theories. Freud appreciated Jung with many enthusiasms. However, the two came to a point where they had their differences. Jung started his philosophy when he was eleven when he had questions regarding the God’s existence. It is believed that the above subject gave Jung a foundation for various enquiries throughout his life.

                The relationship between Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung is a long one, especially in the psychology field. Their theories and reports are all concerned with psychology. Today, these theories and report made the greatest impact on our understanding of human mind. Their theories and analysis are today used in successful developmental of psychological treatment in the wide spectrum of human distress. However, there exist some deviations in their theories. Freud, for instance, believed in own self-analysis where he used his memories, reflections, and dreams. In other words, he had developed his therapeutic technique. This technique was a simple free association that did not incorporate hypnosis. Here, Jung disagreed with self-analysis since they two had different conceptions of the unconscious mind. Freud, for instance, insisted that the unconscious mind was the heart of human traumatic memories, repressed thoughts, and key drivers of aggression and sex. Jung, on the other hand, split human psyche into three parts as personal unconscious, collective conscious, and ego.

                The other deviation of Jung’s theory from Freud's philosophical principles was the dream analysis. Freud believed that the dream analysis allowed for a way through into the unconscious mind. Jung deviated from Freud’s believe that the content of all dreams must be sexual in nature. Jung believed in his theory that dreams can have different meaning depending on the dreamer’s associations. In simple, Jung was against the Freud’s dream dictionary where a dream could be interpreted using fixed meaning. He instead that dreams are retrospective in nature. This was a big deviation from Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams. Jung’s theory propagated for Archetypes inherited with prototypes[4]. However, there are other differences that the two psychiatrists had in their theories and principles. They include para-psychology, sex and sexuality, and religion.


    In conclusion, we can say that neither did Jung nor Freud win the battle of psychology, but the modern psychology won. Although the two have several deviations, they have related to each other’s theory. Their differences are aimed at improving the knowledge of psychology in the world. It is, therefore, clear that their theories and principles are useful to the psychiatrist today to help them narrate the history of psychotherapeutic approaches.